Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Challenges

Acqua Vergine: Remedy Rome's Water Challenges 25596325.jpg Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Challenges With the building of the very first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to rely solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. If people living at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the other existing techniques of the time, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by using the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. Throughout the time of its original building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were installed at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. Whilst these manholes were developed to make it less difficult to manage the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to pull water from the channel, which was exercised by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Despite the fact that the cardinal also had a cistern to accumulate rainwater, it didn’t produce sufficient water. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

The Outcome of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

The Outcome of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. Engineering and gardening were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the general populace. Castles were more basic constructions and often erected on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were considerable stone buildings, regularly situated in the widest, most fruitful hollows. The sterile fortresses did not provide for the quiet avocation of farming. The finest specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent in modern times is Berkeley Castle.Outcome Norman Conquest Anglo-Saxon Garden Design 6695976352685.jpg The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A significant terrace serves as a deterrent to intruders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and enclosed by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

The Elegance of Wall Water Fountains

The Elegance of Wall Water Fountains A wall fountain can be an important design element in your house or workplace, enough so that it makes a good impression on your family and friends alike. Your wall water feature will not only add elegance to your living space but also provide relaxing background sounds. In order to leave a lasting memory on your visitors, share the beauty and delicate sounds of your water feature with them.

A living area with a contemporary design can also benefit from a wall fountain. They can also add an element of elegance to your decor since they are also made in modern-day materials including glass and stainless steel.Elegance Wall Water Fountains 4450066680.jpg Is your home or commercial space in short supply? The best alternative for you is adding a wall water fountain. Since they are installed on a wall, these features do not take up precious room. These kinds of fountains are particularly prevalent in bustling office buildings. Wall fountains are not limited to interior use, however. Fiberglass or resin wall water features can be installed outdoors. Courtyards, porches, or other outdoor spaces needing a stylish touch should include a water fountain made of one of these weather-proof materials.

Wall fountains can be manufactured in a variety of different styles ranging from contemporary to classic and provincial. The type most suitable for your living space depends only on your personal design ideas. The components used to decorate a mountain lodge are different from that needed to embellish a high-rise apartment, the former perhaps requiring slate and the latter better served with sleek glass. You can select the material most suited to your needs. One thing is sure, however, fountains are items which will no doubt dazzle your guests.

The Benefits of Photovoltaic Garden Fountains

The Benefits of Photovoltaic Garden Fountains There are various power sources which can be utilized to power your garden wall fountain. Eco-friendly solar powered fountains, which are now easily available, have substituted older fountains which run on electricity.Benefits Photovoltaic  Garden Fountains 35151161291868214.jpg Although solar powered water fountains may be the most economical long-term option, the initial expense is in fact higher. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are utilized to make solar powered water fountains. Your decor determines which style best suits you. If you are looking to have your own garden hideaway, these types of fountains are ideal because they are easy to maintain and also have a positive effect on the environment.

If you are searching for something aesthetically pleasing as well as a way to maintain your house cool, indoor wall fountains are an ideal addition. An alternative to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they cool down your home by using the same techniques. You can also save on your electric costs because they use less power.

Fanning crisp, dry air across them is the most common way used to benefit from their cooling effect. To enhance air circulation, turn on your ceiling fan or use the air from some corner of the room. The most critical consideration is to ensure that the air is continuously flowing over the surface of the water. It is natural for fountains and waterfalls to produce cool, crisp air. You will experience a sudden coolness in the air when you approach a sizable waterfall or fountain. Your fountain cooling system should not be placed in an area which is especially hot. Direct sunlight, for example, reduces the ability of your fountain to generate cool air.

The Countless Styles of Exterior Fountains

The Countless Styles of Exterior Fountains Convert your garden into what you have always wished for – an oasis of peace. Integrating a fountain into your garden provides tranquility as well as a variety of beneficial effects that come with having a water feature.

The stream of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an impressive sight to see. Large, existing ponds can have one of these incorporated without much hassle. You may have seen one of these in a park or an old mansion.

Wall fountains are an perfect illustration of outdoor wall features.Countless Styles Exterior Fountains 18963355000704236038.jpg If you are eager to include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these. Spouting fountains usually make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of an understated type of water feature. In this simple process. the water which is pushed out of a small opening, streams down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the base before being pumped back to the top.

Dependent on the style you have chosen for the garden, you could contemplate a themed fountain. If your bungalow or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider including a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Contemporary gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more audacious. Let your creativity run free to decide on the best option.

The central characteristic of tiered fountains is the numerous levels spewing out water. Cascading fountains is another expression used to identify this type of fountain because water moves down multiple levels.

A significant amount of space is needed for an outdoor fountain, so another option is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. The reservoirs needed for these types of water features are buried underground which helps you better use your limited space.

If you seek a feeling of serenity and calmness, put in a Japanese fountain as these are believed to bring about such sensations. Bamboo sticks serve as the tubing from which water flows in these kinds of water features. The repetition of water flowing into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main attributes of this kind of fountain.

Fountains made of glass are another type available. Creating a more classical appearance are trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. However, this type of water feature is better suited to gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and design. The water produces a dazzling effect when it streams down the surface of the glass. Some fountains also include colored LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water streams downwards. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain creates an interesting façade as the water softly flows downwards.

The characteristic which differentiates a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. The gurgles and bubbles at the top are the product of the low pressure used to force the water upwards. Water then flows as a gentle trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. This is yet another option for gardens with restricted space. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain hinders water from being spattered about in case of a windy day.

Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by the sun. The reasons for this are varied, from the lack of wires and the reduced complexities to the decreased power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in myriad varying styles, therefore, you will not have to compromise on which one to buy.

Outdoor Wall Fountains: The Many Styles on the Market

Outdoor Wall Fountains: Many Styles Market 94132836.jpg Outdoor Wall Fountains: The Many Styles on the Market Wall fountains are well suited to small verandas or yards because they do not require too much space while also adding a touch of flair and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. Whatever style of outdoor wall fountain you are searching for whether it be traditional, modern, classic, or Asian you will certainly find the one you like most. While there are countless prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a customized fountain if none of these are appealing to you.

Depending on your wishes, you can choose from mounted or freestanding types. You can install a mounted wall fountain because they are little and self-contained. One of the most important features of wall fountains is that they be light, so they are normally made of fiberglass or resin to replicate the look of stone. Floor fountains are freestanding, large, and also have a basin on the ground as well as a flat side against the wall. Water features such as these are ordinarily made of cast stone and have no weight limits.

It is a good idea to incorporate a custom-made fountain into a new or existing wall, something often recommended by landscape experts. A skilled mason is necessary to place the water basin against the wall and properly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be incorporated into the wall. The unified look produced by customized wall fountains make them appear to be part of the landscape rather than an afterthought.

A Small Garden Space? You Can Have a Water Fountain too! Since water makes a reflection, small spaces will appear larger.Dark materials increase the reflective properties of a fountain or water feature.Night time is a great occasion to draw attention to the illuminated, colored underwater lights in your new water feature.... read more


The Godfather Of Roman Public Fountains There are many renowned fountains in Rome’s city center.One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were designed, conceived and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.... read more


Architectural Statuary in Ancient Greece Even though many sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the sophisticated columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the period came to a close, it became more prevalent for sculptors to represent average people as well because plenty of Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred.... read more


Aspects of Garden Sculpture in Archaic Greece Archaic Greeks were renowned for developing the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were formed out of walls and pillars as reliefs.Younger, ideal male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the statues, or kouros figures.... read more