Water Transport Strategies in Ancient Rome

Water Transport Strategies in Ancient RomeWater Transport Strategies Ancient Rome 08840617588356402377.jpg Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, people residing at higher elevations had to depend on natural creeks for their water. If people residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to count on the other existing systems of the day, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from under ground. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to use the water that flowed below ground through Acqua Vergine to provide drinking water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. While these manholes were manufactured to make it easier to maintain the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to extract water from the channel, which was practiced by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he bought the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. The cistern he had made to obtain rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water specifications. To provide himself with a much more useful way to obtain water, he had one of the manholes exposed, providing him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Your Outdoor Fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service

Your Outdoor Fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service An important first step before installing any outdoor wall feature is to think about the area you have available.Outdoor Fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service 183803552658217674.jpg It will need a very strong wall to support its total weight. Remember that small areas or walls will need to have a lightweight fountain. In order for the fountain to have power, a nearby electrical plug is needed. There are many different styles of fountains, each with their own set of simple, step-by-step instructions.

Generally, when you purchase an outdoor wall fountain, it will come in an easy-to-use kit that will include all the needed information to install it correctly. In the kit you are going to find all the needed elements: a submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir. The basin, if it's not too large, can easily be hiddenin your garden among the plants. Once installed, wall fountains typically only require some light maintenance and regular cleaning.

Replenishing and purifying the water on a regular basis is very important. Remember to get rid of debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as quickly as possible. Extremely cold temperatures can damage your outdoor wall fountain so be sure to protect it during winer. Your pump may crack when subjected to freezing water during the cold weather, so it is best to bring it indoors to prevent any damage. To sum up, your outdoor wall fountain will continue to be a great add-on to your garden if you keep it well looked after and well maintained.

What Are Large Garden Fountains Manufactured From?

What Are Large Garden Fountains Manufactured From? Garden fountains nowadays are mostly made from metal, though you can find them in other materials too. Metallic fountains, with their clean lines and sculptural accents, come in in a range of metals and can accommodate any style or budget. The interior design of your residence should set the look and feel of your yard and garden as well.

A common choice today is copper, and it is used in the making of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper is appropriate for many fountain styles, including tabletop and cascade water fountains, and can be placed inside or outside - making it a great choice. Copper is also adaptable enough that you can choose a range of styles for your fountain, from contemporary to whimsical.

Brass water fountains are also common, although they tend to have a more traditional look than copper ones. Even though they are a bit old-fashioned, brass fountains are quite common because they often incorporate interesting artwork.

Most consumers today see stainless steel as the most modern alternative. A contemporary steel design will quickly raise the value of your garden as well as the feeling of serenity.Large Garden Fountains Manufactured From? 904014791.jpg Like all water fountains, you can find them in just about any size you choose.

Fiberglass is a widely used material for fountains because you can get the look and feel of metal at a much lower price, and it is lighter weight and easier to move than metal. The upkeep of fiberglass water fountains is quite simple, so they have many advantages that people appreciate.

The Vast Array of Outdoor Fountains

Vast Array Outdoor Fountains 603513710835333683.jpg The Vast Array of Outdoor Fountains Have you ever considered turning your garden into a haven of serenity? The calming feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of including a water feature in your garden.

The beauty of a spouting fountain can be observed when it sends a stream of shooting water into the air. If your pond is significantly big, it can be incorporated without trouble. You may have seen one of these in a recreation area or an old mansion.

One of the myriad examples of an outdoor water feature is a stylish wall fountain. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are concerned because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these. Wall fountains are not flashy water features when compared with a spouting fountain. It is straightforward undertaking wherein a small jet of water pours outwards in front of a beautifully textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Your garden’s style determines whether a themed fountain is right for you. A cherub holding a spout is one of the possible types of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to fit a rustically themed cottage or garden. Something special and bold could be an alternative for more modern gardens. Let your mind run free to choose the best option.

The main attribute of a multi-tiered fountain is that water flows from a variety of different levels. Due to the water running down its multiple levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of space, put up a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is limited. Since the reservoirs required for these kinds of fountains are hidden underground, you can make the most of the room at your disposal.

Japanese fountains are believed to lend a sense of tranquility and well-being. In this model of water feature the water runs through bamboo sticks. Water then flows into a bucket or a shaped stone, only to repeat the cycle over and over again.

An additional type of fountain is made of glass. Trellis-style fountains of this sort, feature shaped metalwork which provides a more conventional look. However, this type of water feature is better suited to backyard gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and design. The flowing water forms a beautiful effect as it moves down the glass sheets. Some fountains also include colorful LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water cascades downwards. Often made of imitation rock, rock waterfall fountains have water slowly trickling down its surface.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with openings and then filled in the middle with tubes. The bubbling and gurgling at the uppermost part of this type of fountain are caused by the water being pushed upward at low pressure. Water then streams as a delicate trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. Small gardens are ideal for this kind of fountain. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is perfect because it prevents water from being sprayed around in windy weather.

Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are becoming increasingly trendy. The reasons for this are varied, from the absence of wires and the reduced complexities to the lower power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. There is no need to settle on a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide range of styles available on the market.

An Short Guide to Herbs in Your Garden

An Short Guide to Herbs in Your Garden An Introduction to Containers Gardening & Herbaceous Plants.Short Guide Herbs Garden 62448420051035.jpg You will get instant gratification when you grow natural herbs in the garden as they can be included in preparing sauces, soups, marinades and a number of other recipes. Though you may presume you have to get out and prune every day with an herb garden this is not true, but even better you can keep it going all 12 months long by moving your pots indoors in the fall. It is often sensible to allow perennial herbs to comprise the bulk of your garden, as these will not die and require replanting at the end of the year. In addition, the kinds of herbs you really like to cook with should affect your personal herb selection. Consider the meals you want when selecting which herbs to plant in your garden. For instance, if you cook a lot of Italian food you may want to plant basil and oregano. If you like Latin food, select cilantro. Where you put your herb garden will define which herbs can grow there. It will be least difficult to plant straight into the ground if your environment is on the more gentle side, with seasons that are not intense. This makes it so you do not have to be concerned about making planters. It is also a lovely way to decorate your garden. Are you concerned that your area has horrendous climate that might cause your vegetation to die or become dormant? Try out planters because with their versatility and practicality allows you to move the herbs indoors at any time.

Keeping Your Garden Wall Fountain Tidy

Keeping Garden Wall Fountain Tidy 704874546734551743.jpg Keeping Your Garden Wall Fountain Tidy Water fountains will last a long time with regular cleaning and maintenance. A typical issue with fountains is that they tend to accumulate dirt and debris, so it is essential that you keep it free from this. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is susceptible to growing algae. To avoid this, there are some common ingredients that can be added into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. There are those who prefer to use bleach, but that is dangerous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Every 3-4 months, garden fountains should undergo a serious cleaning. The initial task is to get rid of all of the water. When it is empty, wash inside the reservoir with a gentle cleanser. If there is intricate artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Be sure to thoroughly rinse the interior of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Calcium and fresh water organisms can get inside the pump, so you should disassemble it to get it truly clean. To make it less difficult, soak it in vinegar for a while before cleaning. If you want to remove build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water rather than tap water, as these don’t contain any elements that will stick to the inside of the pump.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you see that the level is low. Allowing the water level to get too low can cause damage to the pump - and you certainly don't want that!

Find Serenity with Garden Fountains

Find Serenity with Garden Fountains Water gives tranquility to your garden environment. The noise in your community can be masked by the delicate sounds of a fountain. Consider this the place where can you go to have fun and become one with nature. Water treatments are common these days and often take place in the mountains or near beaches and rivers. If what you seek is a calming place where you can take your body and your mind to a faraway place, put in a pond or fountain in your garden.
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Outdoor Elegance: Fountains Having a pond near your outdoor water fountain is no longer required because they can now be placed on a wall close by.In addition, it is no longer necessary to dig, deal with a complicated installation process or clean the pond.... read more


Bernini’s First Italian Fountains The Barcaccia, Bernini's very first fountain, is a magnificent chef d'oeuvre built at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna.This area is still filled with Roman locals and visitors who enjoy exchanging gossip or going over the day's news.... read more


The Dissemination of Water Feature Design Knowledge Throughout Europe, the primary means of dissiminating practical hydraulic information and fountain design suggestions were the published pamphlets and illustrated books of the time, which contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation.... read more


The Benefits of Photovoltaic Outdoor Water fountains Garden wall fountains can be powered in several different ways.The recent interest in alternative power has led to a rise in the use of solar powered fountains, even though till now they have primarily been powered by electricity.... read more