Bernini: The Genius Behind Italy's Most Impressive Water Fountains

Bernini: The Genius Behind Italy's Most Impressive Water Fountains Bernini's earliest water fountain, named Barcaccia, is a masterful work of art found at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna.Bernini: Genius Behind Italy's Impressive Water Fountains 122187001753676.jpg To this day, you will find Roman locals and vacation goers occupying this space to revel in chit chatter and being among other people. The streets surrounding his water fountain have come to be one of the city’s most trendy meeting places, something which would certainly have pleased Bernini himself. In around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII helped Bernini launch his career with the construction of his first water fountain. People can now see the fountain as a depiction of a great ship gradually sinking into the Mediterranean Sea. The great 16th century flooding of the Tevere, which left the entire region inundated with water, was memorialized by the fountain according to documents from the period. Absenting himself from Italy only once in his life for a lengthy time period, in 1665 Bernini voyaged to France.

Rome’s Early Water Transport Systems

Rome’s Early Water Transport Systems Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, began supplying the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had depended on natural springs up till then.Rome’s Early Water Transport Systems 07218814799.jpg Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the lone techniques readily available at the time to supply water to areas of high elevation. To offer water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they utilized the emerging approach of redirecting the motion from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. Pozzi, or manholes, were constructed at standard stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it less demanding to maintain the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we viewed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he bought the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. Although the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it couldn't supply sufficient water. By using an orifice to the aqueduct that flowed under his property, he was in a position to meet his water needs.

The Water Features

The Water Features As originally developed, water fountains were crafted to be practical, guiding water from creeks or reservoirs to the residents of towns and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. To make water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, mandated gravity and a water source such as a creek or reservoir, located higher than the fountain. Inspirational and spectacular, large water fountains have been designed as memorials in many societies. If you saw the 1st fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. Crafted for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the first fountains were basic carved stone basins. Rock basins as fountains have been found from 2000 BC. The jet of water emerging from small spouts was pressured by gravity, the sole power source builders had in those days. Drinking water was delivered by public fountains, long before fountains became elaborate public monuments, as beautiful as they are functional. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological beasts, and creatures began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, made from rock and bronze. The Romans had an intricate system of aqueducts that delivered the water for the many fountains that were located throughout the urban center.

Keeping Your Fountain Tidy

Keeping Your Fountain TidyKeeping Fountain Tidy 739086948010.jpg Water fountains will keep working a very long time with regular cleaning and maintenance. A typical problem with fountains is that they tend to accumulate dirt and debris, so it is essential that you keep it free from this. Another factor is that water that is subjected to sunlight is susceptible to growing algae. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be blended into the water to eliminate this issue. There are those who prefer to use bleach, but that is hazardous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

A complete cleaning every 3-4 months is ideal for garden fountains. Before cleaning, all the water must be removed. Next use gentle and a soft sponge to clean inside the reservoir. If there are any little grooves, grab a toothbrush to reach each and every spot. Be sure to thoroughly rinse the interior of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and scrubbing the inside properly. Letting it soak in vinegar for a few hours first will make it much easier to clean. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to prevent any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

And finally, make sure the water level is consistently full in order to keep your fountain running optimally. Allowing the water to reach below the pump’s intake level, can cause major damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!

The Circulation of Outdoor Garden Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe

Circulation Outdoor Garden Fountain Engineering Knowledge Europe 46869124330.jpg The Circulation of Outdoor Garden Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe Throughout Europe, the primary means of spreading practical hydraulic information and fountain design ideas were the published papers and illustrated books of the day, which contributed to the development of scientific innovation. A globally celebrated innovator in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French water fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. His expertise in making landscapes and grottoes with built-in and imaginative water features began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a book which became the essential book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was written by him toward the end of his life in France. Classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries were detailed as well as updates to essential classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries in the book. Dominant among these works were those of Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, a mechanical way of moving water. Sunlight warming water in a pair of containers concealed in a room next to an decorative water fountain was shown in one illustration. Activating the fountain is heated liquid which expands and ascends to seal up the conduits. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and backyard pond styles are mentioned in the text.

Wall Fountains As Water Elements

Wall Fountains As Water Elements The movement of water winding in or through a large feature is what defines of a water feature.Wall Fountains Water Elements 715140895958406.jpg There is a broad array of such features ranging something as simple as a suspended wall fountain or as complex as a courtyard tiered fountain. These products are so multipurpose that they can be placed outdoors or inside. Water features entail ponds and swimming pools as well.

Garden wall fountains are worthwhile additions to your living spaces such as backyards, yoga studios, cozy patios, apartment verandas, or office complexes. In addition to helping you relax, both sight and sound are enticed by the comforting sounds of a water feature. With their visibly pleasing form you can also use them to enhance the decor in your home or other living space. The water’s soothing sounds lead to a sense of tranquility, cover up disagreeable noises, and provide a wonderful water display.

Back Story of Garden Fountains

Back Story of Garden Fountains Himself a highly educated man, Pope Nicholas V led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of hundreds of age-old documents from their original Greek into Latin. Beautifying Rome and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the heart of his ambitions.Back Story Garden Fountains 219755040888423.jpg In 1453 the Pope instigated the repairing of the Aqua Vergine, an historic Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away. The ancient Roman tradition of marking the entry point of an aqueduct with an imposing celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was commissioned by the Pope to put up a wall fountain where we now find the Trevi Fountain. Changes and extensions, included in the restored aqueduct, eventually provided the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water supply.
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