Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Solutions

Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Solutions With the construction of the 1st raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to depend exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only techniques around at the time to supply water to locations of higher elevation. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to use the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to supply water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were made at standard intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. While these manholes were developed to make it much easier to protect the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to extract water from the channel, which was carried out by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Despite the fact that the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it couldn't produce enough water. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat just below his property, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

Your Outdoor Wall Fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service

Your Outdoor Wall Fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service Installing an outdoor wall fountain requires that you bear in mind the dimensions of the space where you are going to place it. A solid wall is definitely needed to hold up its total weight. Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a more lightweight fountain is going to be more suitable. In order to run the fountain, an electric powered plug will need to be nearby. There are many different types of fountains, each with their own set of simple, step-by-step instructions.

Most outdoor wall fountains come in easy-to-use kits that will give you all you need to properly install it. The kit provides a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir.Outdoor Wall Fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service 715064748622160210.jpg If the size is appropriate, the basin can be concealed amongst your garden plants. Other than the regular cleaning, little upkeep is required once your outdoor wall fountain is fitted.

Replenish and clean the water on a regular schedule. Debris such as branches, leaves or dirt should be cleared away quickly. Make sure that your outdoor wall fountain is shielded from freezing winter temperatures. Your pump may crack when subjected to freezing water during the wintertime, so it is best to bring it indoors to avoid any damage. Simply put, your outdoor fountain will be a part of your life for many years to come with the correct care and maintenance.

Statuary As a Staple of Classic Art in Historic Greece

Statuary As a Staple of Classic Art in Historic Greece The Archaic Greeks developed the first freestanding statuary, an impressive achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are referred to as kouros figures. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were designed to look rigid and always had foot forward; the males were vigorous, sturdy, and nude. In about 650 BC, the differences of the kouroi became life-sized. A substantial time of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period brought about new forms of government, expressions of art, and a greater comprehension of people and customs outside of Greece. The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are examples of the kinds of clashes that arose commonly, which is consistent with other times of historical change.

The Genesis Of Wall Fountains

The Genesis Of Wall FountainsGenesis Wall Fountains 435823763427644.jpg The dramatic or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to supplying drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were soley there to serve as functional elements. Residents of urban areas, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains had to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains functioned using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Serving as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also provided clean, fresh drinking water. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains built to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. The creation of special water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

These days, fountains decorate public areas and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The Myriad Reasons to Include a Water Feature

The Myriad Reasons to Include a Water Feature The area outside your residence can be polished up by adding a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project.Myriad Reasons Include Water Feature 67895442323126668.jpg A myriad of current designers and fountain artisans have found inspiration in the fountains and water features of the past. You can also strengthen the connection to the past by adding one of these to your home's interior design. The benefit of having a garden fountain goes beyond its beauty as it also appeals to birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it releases into the atmosphere. Birds enticed by a fountain or bird bath often scare away irksome flying pests, for instance.

The space necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the ideal size for a small yard. There are two types of fountains to pick from including the freestanding model with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained version which is hung directly on a wall. Adding a fountain to an existent wall requires that you add a fountain mask as well as a basin at the base to collect the water. It is best not to attempt this job yourself as skilled plumbers and masons are best suited to do this kind of work.

Classic Greece: The Inception of Outdoor Statue Design

Classic Greece: Inception Outdoor Statue Design 7324029128238.jpg Classic Greece: The Inception of Outdoor Statue Design Sculptors ornamented the complex columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the period came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that point, it grew to be more accepted for sculptors be paid to depict ordinary people as well. Often times, a interpretation of affluent families' forefathers would be commissioned to be laid inside of huge familial tombs, and portraiture, which would be copied by the Romans upon their conquering of Greek civilization, also became customary. A point of aesthetic progression, the use of sculpture and other art forms transformed throughout the Greek Classical period, so it is inaccurate to suggest that the arts provided only one function. Whether to satisfy a visual craving or to celebrate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was an imaginative method in the ancient world, which could be what attracts our focus today.
Exterior Wall Fountains: The Numerous Designs on the Market Small verandas or courtyards are an ideal place to set up wall fountains since they add style to an area with limited space.When looking at the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, vintage, contemporary, or Asian, you are certain to find one best suited to your design ideas.... read more


Gian Bernini's Outdoor Fountains There are many famous water features in Rome’s city center.One of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were planned, conceived and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.... read more


Your Landscape Fountain: Maintenance & Routine Service A very important first step is to think about the proportions of the outdoor wall fountain with regards to the area you have available for it.It is essential that the wall where you are going to put it is sturdy enough to support its weight.... read more


Did You Know How Mechanical Designs And Styles of Water Fountains Became Known? Contributing to the development of scientific technology were the printed letters and illustrated publications of the day. They were also the principal means of transferring useful hydraulic information and fountain design suggestions throughout Europe.... read more


The Positive Benefits of Adding a garden fountain in Your Living Space The inclusion of a wall fountain or an outdoor garden fountain is a great way to beautify your yard or garden design.Many current designers and artisans have been inspired by historical fountains and water features.... read more


Garden Fountains: The Minoan Society During archaeological digs on the island of Crete, a variety of sorts of channels have been uncovered.They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater.... read more


Garden Water Fountain Builders Through History Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people,... read more


Ancient Greece: The Beginnings of Outdoor Statue Design Even though most sculptors were remunerated by the temples to embellish the sophisticated columns and archways with renderings of the gods of old, as the period came to a close, it became more prevalent for sculptors to depict ordinary people as well mainly because many of Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred.... read more